SYNDEM Fundamentals


The principle of synchronization and democratization (SYNDEM) is inspired by and has a deep root in the Chinese classic philosophical text Tao Te Ching. Written by Lao Tzu some 2,500 years ago, it is believed to be the second most translated work in the world after Bible. It is a fundamental text for both philosophical and religious Taoism, with strong influences on other schools, such as Legalism, Confucianism, and Chinese Buddhism. It describes the Tao (principles) of nature and Te (virtue) of human being, with emphases on
          1) The harmony between nature and human being
          2) The criticality of following natural principles. An artificial solution may work for a short period but in the long run it could be disastrous if it does not follow natural principles.  
          3) Everything is nothing and nothing is everything. If natural principles are not followed, whatever developed by human being may get destroyed. "When natural principles are followed, even if there is nothing, one would appear. Then, one generates two; two generates three and three generates many."
          4) Simplicity and minimum-action. "Managing a country is like cooking a small dish." Not much needs to be done. Complex solutions do not work. A solution for a challenging problem has to be simple and scalable.
The deep root of SYNDEM smart grids in Tao Te Ching is evidenced by the following:
          1) the new add-ons of renewable energy sources and flexible loads are harmonized to behave in the same way as conventional power plants
          2) the natural principle of synchronization is followed by all players in SYNDEM smart grids
          3) a SYNDEM grid can work with one, two, three or millions of active players, and when needed a large power system can decompose into small regional grids or even microgrids in residential homes. It is extremely scalable.
          4) managing a SYNDEM grid becomes very easy because all suppliers and loads in a grid can autonomously take part in the regulation of the grid. In other words, a SYNDEM grid manages itself with minimum intervention of human being.

The concept of SYNDEM smart grids also has a deep root in Chinese history. China was highly democratized during the Spring and Autumn period (approximately 771 to 476 BC) but filled with chaos and bloody wars. In 221 BC, Emperor Qin (Chin) united China by unifying Chinese characters, currency, trade (weights and measures), and communication (transportation). This has laid a structurally-stable foundation for China for many years to come, demonstrating the power of harmonization and unification. What we need for future power systems is a structurally-stable foundation that enables its natural growth. This is exactly what a SYNDEM smart grid intrinsically has.

Our vision is to Make Our Planet Sustainable with SYNDEM Smart Grids.

The theoretical framework of SYNDEM smart grids is described in some presentations/papers/books and the most important ones are listed below.